Tools for the Vacuum Engineer

Summary of ZPE from Practical Conversion of Zero-Point Energy by Thomas Valone, PhD, PE

Tool Effect Page  
Aperiodic quantum stochastic resonance (AQSR) Generates electrical current from nonthermal and thermal fluctuations 65-67  
Brownian motors Biases Brownian motion of particles, often in an anisotropic medium 58  
Casimir engine Electrical current generator designed by Pinto using a microcantilever, microlaser and Casimir force 44-47  
Casimir force Attractive (or repulsive) force from two parallel plates about 1 micron apart 6, 18, 50  
Cavity QED Alters atomic transition probability in small cavities 20  
Dark energy ZPE that powers galactic acceleration, also measured in the lab 67  
Dielectric constant of surface Affects Casimir force when illuminated by light 45, 52, 53  
Einstein-Hopf drag Retarding force from vacuum due to motion F= -Rv 55  
Electromagnetic ZPE Converter Dual sphere device using beat frequencies to downshift ZPE 27-44  
Femtosphere Particle size where QM and Rutherford scattering applies 40-44  
Fluctuation-Dissipation theorem Source+dissipation=fluctuation; Predicts and explains fundamental nature of ZPF 11, 57  
Fluctuation-driven transport Mechanism that can convert chemical energy into motion of particles and macromolecules 58  
Focusing vacuum fluctuations Increases energy density of ZPE and attractive Casimir force 48-49  
Fokker-Planck equation Can apply to ferrofluid system to predict noise-driven motion of particles 64  
Langevin's equation Like F-D theorem, helps design Brownian motors 58, 63  
Lasing without inversion (LWI) Sustained laser output from microlasers which have long radiation cavity lifetime 56  
Magnetic field Inhibits Casimir force 20  
Microbox geometry Varies Casimir force from + attractive to - repulsive 50-51  
Microcantilever Flexible membrane that displays Casimir deflection 44, 49  
Microlaser Solid state laser 2 microns across 46  
Nonresonant ion trap Electrfied cavity that concentrates charged particles 44  
Photo-Carnot engine Allows extraction of work from a single thermal reservoir where radiation is the working fluid 56  
Quantum coherence Changes relative strengths of emission and absorption in a cavity 57  
Quantum ratchet Repeating cells that move particles with fluctuation-driven transport 59-60  
Recoil Increases the energy of a dipole, associated with photon absorption and emission, both of which are in the same direction 55  
Rectifying thermal noise Generates electrical current with asymmetric external potential 64  
Resonance Can trap scattering particles into bound state 42  
Resonant fluorescence Dramatically increases absorption when incident energy equals binding energy of target 41  
Sonoluminescence ZPE caused light emission due to extreme temperature and pressure 21  
Spatial squeezing of vacuum Can double photon emission from cavity by changing dimensions abruptly 48  
Temperature Increase will broaden resonance peak 39  
Thermal fluctuations/noise temperature-caused stochastic oscillations and vibrations 62-63  
Time-dependent refractive index Causes part of ZPE to convert to real photons 53  
Transient fluctuation theorem Nonzero probability for negative work for short periods of time 61  
Unruh-Davies Effect Acceleration causes ZPE to create thermal fluctuations 53  
Upscattering Gain of energy to incident particle up to 10 kT energy 39  
Vacuum field amplification Increases quantum nonthermal noise with a gain medium 67  
Vacuum field perturbations Nonabelian EM field may alter speed of light/object 55  
Vacuum polarization Increase in local activity in the quantum vacuum near the edge of a physical charged particle 10  

Last Updated on 8/8/2005
By Thomas Valone